Sense it. Spot it.
? Count the signs. If you see one or more of these signs at a property consider making a referral to the appropriate organisation. Alongside these specific signs can you identify any signs that suggest movement, recruitment, deception, coercion or exploitation?
What is forced labour?
In 2011 the most common forms of labour exploitation included being forced to work within tarmacking/paving, agriculture, restaurants, construction, factory work, food processing and leaflet delivery.
Labour exploitation is diverse and if you can think of an industry that has the potential to make money, there is an opportunity for exploitation.
Do workers seem to have noticeably poor personal hygiene? They may not have access to appropriate washing facilities.
Are there children working in the restaurant? You may see modified facilities to help them work such as stools in preparation areas.
Are chefs preparing food that isn't indigenous to where they come from? A Bangladeshi preparing Chinese food for instance.
Are there suitable preparation and washing facilities for food?
Is access to the back rooms of the property restricted or are doors locked? This may be used as accommodation for workers.
Is the worker not wearing clothing appropriate for their job? Such as no hair net or wearing flip flops.
Is there a noticeable difference in cleanliness and condition between the front of house and the private or staff areas of the property?
Is there exposed wiring and plumbing where you wouldn't normally expect to see it and is poorly maintained or rusty?
Do you see any relabeled products? They say may have been produced in one place but now appear to be from somewhere else.
Do the owners seem evasive as if they are buying time so that exploited labourers can exit the property?
Is there a lack of suitable equipment to undertake the job at hand? Workers not wearing waterproofs at a carwash for example.
Do workers live in private rented accommodation that is overcrowded? They may not know the address of where they live.
Is there a large reliance on Eastern European agency workers by the gang master? The workers may vary from day to day, suggesting a large organised network.
Does somebody appear to be supervising low skilled workers? A minder or enforcer will often be present around trafficking victims.
Do any vehicles at the premises show signs of having been abroad to collect recruited workforce? Usually from across Europe.
Is safety equipment to protect workers not available to them? Steel toe capped boots or ear protectors for example.
Do workers live in overcrowded communal dormitories that are located on the farm's land?
Is there any evidence to suggest workers do not spend any significant amount of time in one place? Often they will be moved from farm to farm every couple of weeks.
Are the workers picked up in vans or minibuses at unusual hours of the day or night? Typically these are poorly maintained.
Right to work
Is the employer or manager unable to produce the required documents for employing migrant labour?
Are people working out of their grade? In their home country they may be a manager with considerable responsibility, but might be washing up.
Is the employer or manager unable to provide records for wages paid to workers?
Is there any evidence that workers are required to pay for tools, food or accommodation via deductions from their pay?
Is an employer or somebody other than the worker holding their passport and legal documents?
Do workers get any days off or holiday time?
Do workers receive an excessive wage reduction, where they earn significantly below the minimum wage for their age?
Do workers have limited or even no accessto earnings or a labour contract?
Is there any evidence to suggets that labour laws are being breached by the employer?