Human trafficking is
- Movement or Recruitment by
- Deception or Coercion for
- The purpose of Exploitation
A violent human rights abuse:
Victims are coerced. Many suffer repeated physical abuse, fear, torture and/or threats to their family. These tactics are used by traffickers to break a person's spirit and enable the trafficker to continue to exert power over those they have trafficked.
Described by the UNODC as:
"The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation"
Protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children, supplementing the United Nations convention against transnational organised crime.